Khase is the ancient Adygh democratic council, overseen by a highly respected elder, to be elected by Khase itself. Each representative has equal rights in the council, each has right to speak for their own society. But the thing that differs Khase from other forms of democracy is the fact that the representatives are not fixed, each Khase, communities choose a different representative, to neutralise the personal opinions of the representatives of each other, thus preventing corrupt politicians to exist in Khase in the first place. If Khase decides, it is sacred. If one dares to disobey, immediately gets dispelled from their community. Depending on the situation, lighter punishments can be executed too.

In times of crisis, when there is no time to gather the Khase, an emergency council takes command, which members are elected by Khase, and re-elected regularly.


The Khase is presumably as old as the Adygh, but there are no evident records about its foundations. It appeared in small communal scales, then slowly expanded from being a unitary or regional factor to the national scale, and became the ultimate self-governing system of the Adygh.

But Khase becoming a national factor was a very stressful and problematic process, and its greatest obstacle was tribalism, which is still somewhat partially existent among the Adygh society. Some Adygh philosophers or the Userej interpret this as the result of the extraordinary desire to be autonomous or independent, the desire within them being so intense that they seek to be even independent of each other, which might be the result of each individual being raised as independent people, from a certain point of view. The negative effects of tribalism had been overcome in the first century of M3, after a catastrophic event, a genocide which destroyed the %70 of the total Adygh population which occurred during the second half of M2, which carved the importance of unification into the minds of Adygh, and through language and dialect unification; Adygh were divided into main dialect groups in terms of general similarities, the solution was the officialisation of a dialect which was fit for both distant dialect groups, which is the present day's Beslheney dialect of Adygh Language, which was a rather shorter and less problematic process.

Notable Khase Members